Dermatomyositis (DM) is a connective-tissue disease related to polymyositis (PM) where in inflammation of the muscles and the skin are the cardinal features.The main symptoms include a rash and proximal muscle weakness which may be associated with pain sometimes. While DM most frequently affects the skin and muscles, it is a systemic disorder that may also affect the joints, the esophagus, the lungs, and the heart.[The specific finding here is the heliotropic rash present on the upper eyelid sometimes on the lower eyelid as well associated with swelling. Rashes may also be present on the hands, shoulders, the back and various parts of the body.
A definitive cause is still not known although various hypothesis have been postulated, however it behaves as a strong immune-mediated disorder.
When it affects the children it is known as juvenile dermatomyositis.
There is no definite cure for this although steroids, immunosuppresants and various other drugs have been tried to alleviate the symptoms.
Stem cell therapy can be a promising cure to these patients. At Plexus the comprehensive derma package gives hope to these patients.